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The Facts About Dental Hygiene – What You Don’t Know Can Hurt Your Mouth

Calculus, Cavities, Periodontal Disease, Plaque

The most prevalent human disease is cavities. Nearly everyone on Earth has had a cavity at some point in their lives. Cavities are caused from the action of bacteria, which literally eat through your teeth, and can only be treated by a dentist by filling the hole in your teeth with molten metals, usually at exorbitant prices and usually very painful. Protecting against cavities is as simple as brushing, flossing and visiting the dentist twice a year, yet most people put it off, or don’t go at all. This is the worst possible attitude to have, as it will lead to a painful agonizing experience at the dentist later on in life. An ounce of prevention is worth a pound of cure.
Periodontal disease is the second most prevalent disease in humans, also known as gum disease. Periodontal disease is an inflammation of the gums and the bone supporting the gums. It is caused by plaque that builds up and sticks to the surfaces of the teeth. Plaque is a soft, colorless film of bacteria constantly forming on your teeth. It combines with sugar and other carbohydrates to form acids. The acids eat right through tooth enamel which causes cavities. Only the oral hygienist can remove plaque, and it is recommended that you visit the dentist for a cleaning every six months. Any delay in your scheduled visits is a chance for bacteria to build up in your mouth and begin causing cavities.

Calculus, or tartar, is a hard deposit on the surface of the tooth. Minerals in saliva combine
with plaque on your teeth and then harden over time into calculus. Calculus is a good place for plaque to build up, which of course, causes periodontal disease. Calculus cannot be removed by brushing or flossing. It can only be removed during regular cleanings by your oral hygienist, also known as dental prophylaxis. During these cleanings, the hygienist will removbe plaque, tartar and check the general condition of your mouth.

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It is critical to the health of your teeth to see your dentist twice a year. Brush, floss and rinse with a mouthwash to prevent cavities. Try to carry a toothbrush and mouthwash with you, so you can clean your teeth after meals on the go. Some crunchy foods can clean the teeth such as apples, carrots, celery and other raw fruits and vegetables. Keeping away from sugar and sugary food and beverage will help defend against plaque. Sugar is easily consumed by bacteria, and will accelerate the onset of cavities. Eliminate sweets and you will have a much better result in the end.